Chefs and Head Cooks

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What do they do?

Direct and may participate in the preparation, seasoning, and cooking of salads, soups, fish, meats, vegetables, desserts, or other foods. May plan and price menu items, order supplies, and keep records and accounts.

Also known as:

Banquet Chef, Certified Executive Chef (CEC), Chef, Chef, Instructor, Cook, Corporate Executive Chef, Executive Chef (Ex Chef), Executive Sous Chef, Head Cook, Line Cook, Sous Chef

Typical Wages

Annual wages for Chefs and Head Cooks in United States

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Projected Growth Rate

Employment of Chefs and Head Cooks is projected to grow 3 percent from 2018 to 2028, more slowly than average compared to all occupations.

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Projected Employment

No Data Available

Projected Employment Rankings For Virginia:

  • 3.2%

    Percent Change

    Ranks #23 in job growth rate
  • 430

    Annual Projected Job Openings

    Ranks #12 in net job growth

Select Type of Degree:

Typical College Majors

Majors that prepare Chefs and Head Cooks:

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★ Number of granted degrees for degree type, Award of less than 1 academic year, is listed after the major.

Education Level

  • Doctorate or Professional Degree (0.6%)
  • Master's degree (1.4%)
  • Bachelor's degree (12%)
  • Associate's degree (16.5%)
  • Some college, no degree (23.1%)
  • High school diploma equivalent (30.8%)
  • Less than high school diploma (15.6%)

Percent of workers in this field

Colleges that Prepare

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Skills

People in this career often have these skills:

  • Monitoring - Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
  • Speaking - Talking to others to convey information effectively.
  • Coordination - Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
  • Social Perceptiveness - Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
  • Time Management - Managing one's own time and the time of others.
  • Management of Personnel Resources - Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
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Knowledge

People in this career often know a lot about:

  • Food Production - Knowledge of techniques and equipment for planting, growing, and harvesting food products (both plant and animal) for consumption, including storage/handling techniques.
  • Production and Processing - Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
  • Customer and Personal Service - Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
  • Education and Training - Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
  • Mathematics - Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
  • Administration and Management - Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
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Abilities

People in this career often have talent in:

  • Oral Comprehension - The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
  • Oral Expression - The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
  • Problem Sensitivity - The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
  • Deductive Reasoning - The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
  • Information Ordering - The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
  • Speech Recognition - The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
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Activities: what you might do in a day

People in this career often do these activities:

  • Check quality of foods or supplies.
  • Estimate supplies, ingredients, or staff requirements for food preparation activities.
  • Train food preparation or food service personnel.
  • Coordinate activities of food service staff.
  • Inspect facilities, equipment or supplies to ensure conformance to standards.
  • Order materials, supplies, or equipment.
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This page includes data from:

O*NET OnLine Career data: O*NET 24.3 Database by the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration (“USDOL/ETA”). Used under the CC BY 4.0 license. O*NET® is a trademark of USDOL/ETA

Occupation statistics: USDOL U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics Occupational Employment Statistics

careeronestop logo Videos: CareerOneStop, USDOL/ETA and the Minnesota Department of Employment & Economic Development

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