Probation Officers and Correctional Treatment Specialists

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What do they do?

Provide social services to assist in rehabilitation of law offenders in custody or on probation or parole. Make recommendations for actions involving formulation of rehabilitation plan and treatment of offender, including conditional release and education and employment stipulations.

Also known as:

Adult Probation Officer, Correctional Case Manager, Correctional Casework Specialist, Correctional Counselor, Correctional Officer, Correctional Probation Officer, Correctional Specialist, Corrections Counselor, Deputy Juvenile Officer, Deputy Probation Officer (DPO), Intensive Supervision Officer, Juvenile Correctional Officer, Juvenile Probation Officer, Parole Agent, Parole Officer (PO), Probation Agent, Probation and Parole Officer, Probation Counselor, Probation Officer

Typical Wages

Annual wages for Probation Officers and Correctional Treatment Specialists in United States

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Projected Growth Rate

Employment of Probation Officers and Correctional Treatment Specialists is projected to grow 4 percent from 2018 to 2028, more slowly than average compared to all occupations.

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Projected Employment

No Data Available

Projected Employment Rankings For Virginia:

  • 4.1%

    Percent Change

    Ranks #17 in job growth rate
  • 260

    Annual Projected Job Openings

    Ranks #9 in net job growth

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Typical College Majors

Majors that prepare Probation Officers and Correctional Treatment Specialists:

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★ Number of granted degrees for degree type, Doctors degree research scholarship, is listed after the major.

Education Level

  • Doctorate or Professional Degree (2.2%)
  • Master's degree (18.8%)
  • Bachelor's degree (63.8%)
  • Associate's degree (3.3%)
  • Some college, no degree (8.2%)
  • High school diploma equivalent (2.8%)
  • Less than high school diploma (0.9%)

Percent of workers in this field

Colleges that Prepare

Colleges with the most graduates that become Probation Officers and Correctional Treatment Specialists:

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Best colleges for Probation Officers and Correctional Treatment Specialists:

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Skills

People in this career often have these skills:

  • Active Listening - Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
  • Speaking - Talking to others to convey information effectively.
  • Social Perceptiveness - Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
  • Reading Comprehension - Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
  • Critical Thinking - Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
  • Writing - Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
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Knowledge

People in this career often know a lot about:

  • Law and Government - Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
  • Public Safety and Security - Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
  • English Language - Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
  • Psychology - Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
  • Therapy and Counseling - Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.
  • Sociology and Anthropology - Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
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Abilities

People in this career often have talent in:

  • Oral Expression - The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
  • Written Comprehension - The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
  • Problem Sensitivity - The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
  • Deductive Reasoning - The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
  • Oral Comprehension - The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
  • Inductive Reasoning - The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
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Activities: what you might do in a day

People in this career often do these activities:

  • Maintain client information or service records.
  • Collect information about clients.
  • Interview clients to gather information about their backgrounds, needs, or progress.
  • Counsel clients or patients with substance abuse issues.
  • Monitor health or behavior of people or animals.
  • Visit individuals in their homes to provide support or information.
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This page includes data from:

O*NET OnLine Career data: O*NET 25.1 Database by the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration (“USDOL/ETA”). Used under the CC BY 4.0 license. O*NET® is a trademark of USDOL/ETA

Occupation statistics: USDOL U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics Occupational Employment Statistics

careeronestop logo Videos: CareerOneStop, USDOL/ETA and the Minnesota Department of Employment & Economic Development

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