Geographers

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What do they do?

Study the nature and use of areas of the Earth's surface, relating and interpreting interactions of physical and cultural phenomena. Conduct research on physical aspects of a region, including land forms, climates, soils, plants, and animals, and conduct research on the spatial implications of human activities within a given area, including social characteristics, economic activities, and political organization, as well as researching interdependence between regions at scales ranging from local to global.

Also known as:

Earth Observations Chief Scientist (NASA), GIS Geographer (Geographic Information Systems Geographer), GIS Physical Scientist (Geographic Information Systems Physical Scientist), Scientist, Supervisory Geographer

Typical Wages

Annual wages for Geographers in United States

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Projected Growth Rate

Employment of Geographers is projected to grow 6 percent from 2018 to 2028, about as fast as average compared to all occupations.

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Projected Employment

No Data Available

Projected Employment Rankings For All United States:

  • 6.7%

    Percent Change

    Select a state to see its job growth rate ranking
  • 200

    Annual Projected Job Openings

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Typical College Majors

Majors that prepare Geographers:

Indicates your preferred majors

★ Number of granted degrees for degree type, Doctors degree research scholarship, is listed after the major.

Education Level

  • Doctorate or Professional Degree (18%)
  • Master's degree (34.2%)
  • Bachelor's degree (33.9%)
  • Associate's degree (2.8%)
  • Some college, no degree (8.7%)
  • High school diploma equivalent (2.2%)
  • Less than high school diploma (0.2%)

Percent of workers in this field

★ You’re seeing education information for Geographers(1) because we don’t have information for Geographers. Please note the information may not be the same for both occupations.

Colleges that Prepare

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Skills

People in this career often have these skills:

  • Reading Comprehension - Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
  • Writing - Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
  • Speaking - Talking to others to convey information effectively.
  • Active Listening - Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
  • Critical Thinking - Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
  • Active Learning - Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
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Knowledge

People in this career often know a lot about:

  • Geography - Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.
  • English Language - Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
  • Education and Training - Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
  • Sociology and Anthropology - Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
  • Computers and Electronics - Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
  • History and Archeology - Knowledge of historical events and their causes, indicators, and effects on civilizations and cultures.
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Abilities

People in this career often have talent in:

  • Oral Comprehension - The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
  • Written Comprehension - The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
  • Oral Expression - The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
  • Written Expression - The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
  • Deductive Reasoning - The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
  • Inductive Reasoning - The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
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Activities: what you might do in a day

People in this career often do these activities:

  • Conduct anthropological or archaeological research.
  • Prepare maps.
  • Prepare scientific or technical reports or presentations.
  • Compile geographic or related data.
  • Collect geographical or geological field data.
  • Instruct college students in social sciences or humanities disciplines.
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This page includes data from:

O*NET OnLine Career data: O*NET 25.1 Database by the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration (“USDOL/ETA”). Used under the CC BY 4.0 license. O*NET® is a trademark of USDOL/ETA

Occupation statistics: USDOL U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics Occupational Employment Statistics

careeronestop logo Videos: CareerOneStop, USDOL/ETA and the Minnesota Department of Employment & Economic Development

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