Cryptocurrency Pros And Cons: What Students Should Consider

Cryptocurrency is a type of digital currency. It is different from the traditional form of money we use in our everyday lives, such as coins or paper bills. You cannot see, touch or feel cryptocurrency. It exists only in electronic form and is created and stored using advanced computer technology called cryptography. Cryptography is like a secret code that keeps the transactions safe and prevents anyone from cheating or copying the money.

One of the most notable features that sets cryptocurrency apart from traditional money is that traditional money is controlled by a central authority, usually the government. Cryptocurrency on the other hand is decentralized. Cryptography is used to secure transactions and regulate the creation of new units. This means that no single person or organization has complete control over the currency. Instead, they are managed by a network of computers that work together to keep track of all the transactions.

While digital currency offers some compelling benefits, it also has a few drawbacks. Understanding the pros and cons of cryptocurrency is important, especially if you intend to buy into this new technology.

Advantages Of Digital Currency

1. User Protection & Privacy

The cryptocurrency concept is based on user protection and privacy. Digital currency transactions offer a certain level of privacy, as they do not necessarily require the disclosure of personal information. You can buy and sell anything without letting anyone know who you are. Details regarding all cryptocurrency transactions are available to anyone who is interested. However, they have no way of knowing the individuals involved in the transactions. You can choose to keep this information private.

In addition, cryptocurrencies use advanced cryptographic techniques to secure transactions, making them highly secure and resistant to fraud or hacking. With limited personal information tied to your account, the risk of identity theft is very low.

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2. Global Accessibility

Cryptocurrencies are accessible to anyone with an internet connection, regardless of geographical location or socioeconomic status. This opens financial opportunities for people who may not have access to traditional banking services. It also makes it especially easy for people to trade across borders as there’s only one currency involved. This is unlike traditional transactions where different currencies and fluctuating exchange rates often prove to be an obstacle.

3. Faster and Cheaper Transactions

Cryptocurrency transactions can be processed quickly and at a lower cost compared to traditional banking methods, especially for international transfers. This can be particularly advantageous for businesses or individuals dealing with cross-border transactions as it is not subject to forex fluctuations or fees. No matter where you are and what you want to purchase, you pay the same price as everyone else around the world.

4. Immunity To Inflation

The digital currency market is not affected by inflation, which means it retains its value regardless of market conditions. This is unlike traditional currencies, which lose their value due to rising inflation. The secret to cryptocurrency’s immunity to inflation lies in the fact that a certain price is assigned and fixed for each coin that is released. Moreover, there’s a fixed limit for every crypto that is released. This ensures that its value can only increase when there is an increase in demand. It also protects it from decreasing in value.

5. Decentralization and Financial Freedom

Cryptocurrencies operate on a decentralized network, which means they are not controlled by a central authority like a government or bank. This gives individuals more control over their own money and financial transactions, allowing for greater financial freedom and autonomy.

When you trade in cryptocurrency, you are in charge and have total control over your funds. Compare this with traditional currency, where the bank takes control when you deposit funds in a bank account. If the bank shuts down for any reason, there’s a high chance that you’ll lose all the money in your bank account.

6. There Are No Transaction Fees

Unlike credit or debit cards, there are no transaction fees when you transact with digital currency. This can save you a substantial amount of money during the year. The only time you may have to pay a fee is when the transaction involves a third party. This happens when you have access to another person’s wallet and are managing it on their behalf. If you’re transacting using your own wallet on your own behalf, you don’t pay any fees.

Cons of Cryptocurrency

1. Technical Complexity

Using digital currency is not as simple as using traditional currency. To use cryptocurrency successfully, you do need a certain level of technical knowledge and understanding of digital wallets, private keys, and security practices. This complexity can be a barrier for most people, more so for inexperienced users. Many amateurs who have dabbled in cryptocurrency without a solid understanding of how it works have lost access to their funds because of mishandling their cryptographic keys.

2. It Is Not Completely Decentralized

Although it is not controlled by the government, there is some form of control that’s exercised mainly by cryptocurrency creators and companies. These entities regulate various aspects of digital currency, primarily the number of coins in circulation. This does create some sort of loophole that creators can use to profit from by manipulating the coins. You must do your research and exercise due caution if you’re planning on investing in cryptocurrency.

3. Lack of Regulation and Consumer Protection

Cryptocurrencies are not yet subject to the same level of regulation as traditional financial systems. Although this offers users privacy, it can expose users to potential scams, fraud, or market manipulation by expert hackers and scammers. What makes it more serious is that it can be difficult to recover lost or stolen funds as there are no consumer protections in place.

4. Potential for Illegal Activities

The discreet nature of cryptocurrency transactions with its lack of personal information makes it an easy solution for individuals involved in illicit activities such as money laundering, tax evasion, and illegal purchases on the dark web. While the authorities are making an effort to increase security and compliance measures, there are still challenges that need to be overcome.

5. It Is Not Widely Accepted

As tempting as the advantages may sound, it is not advisable to put all your money in cryptocurrency as not all sellers accept it. If you do intend to transact in digital currency, make sure to keep a larger chunk of your money in hard currency or cash. Keeping both forms of currencies will allow you to buy anything you need from any vendor anywhere in the world without any restrictions.

6. You Cannot Cancel a Transaction Or Ask For A Refund

Most traditional vendors have reasonable cancellation and refund policies in place. Not so with digital currency. Regardless of the reason for wanting a refund, chances are you will not get your money back once you’ve authorized a payment from your wallet. Even if you realize you’ve sent the money to the wrong person, you won’t be able to cancel the transaction. One of the biggest downsides of cryptocurrency is that there is no recourse and no way to even lodge a complaint when something goes wrong.

7. Environmental Impact

The process of mining certain cryptocurrencies, such as Bitcoin, consumes a considerable amount of energy. This has raised concerns about the environmental impact of cryptocurrency mining, particularly in regions where the energy used comes from non-renewable sources.

While cryptocurrencies offer exciting possibilities, it’s crucial to exercise caution, conduct thorough research, and make informed decisions based on your personal circumstances and risk tolerance. Don’t rush into it because it looks like the next best thing and everyone else is talking about how much money they are making. Understanding cryptocurrency pros and cons is the first step toward deciding whether it is right for you.


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