What do they do?

Manually move freight, stock, luggage, or other materials, or perform other general labor. Includes all manual laborers not elsewhere classified.

Also known as:

Cooler Worker, Dock Worker, Laborer, Line Tender, Loader, Material Handler, Material Mover, Merchandise Pick Up Associate, Merchandise Receiving Associate, Ramp Agent, Receiver, Receiving Associate, Selector, Shipping and Receiving Materials Handler, Stacker, Stock Replenisher, Stocker, Warehouse Selector, Warehouse Worker, Warehouseman

Typical Wages

Projected Growth Rate

Employment of Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand is projected to grow 14 percent from 2020 to 2030, faster than average compared to all occupations.

Projected Employment in VA

No Data Available
  • 14.4%


    Ranks #27 in job growth rate

    Job Openings

    Ranks #22 in net job growth

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Education Level

Percent of workers in this field with these degrees:

  • Doctorate or Professional Degree  (<1%)
  • Master's degree  (1%)
  • Bachelor's degree  (7%)
  • Associate's degree  (7%)
  • Some college, no degree  (21%)
  • High school diploma equivalent  (47%)
  • Less than high school diploma  (16%)

People in this career often have talent in:

  • Static Strength - The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
  • Multilimb Coordination - The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
  • Trunk Strength - The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without "giving out" or fatiguing.

People in this career often do these activities:

  • Move materials, equipment, or supplies.
  • Sort materials or objects for processing or transport.
  • Load shipments, belongings, or materials.
  • Mark materials or objects for identification.
  • Record operational or production data.
  • Review work orders or schedules to determine operations or procedures.
  • Receive information or instructions for performing work assignments.
  • Secure cargo.
  • Position material handling equipment.
  • Operate cranes, hoists, or other moving or lifting equipment.
  • Monitor cargo area conditions.
  • Clean facilities or work areas.
  • Package materials or products.
  • Shovel materials.
  • Connect cables or electrical lines.
  • Maintain facilities.
  • Set up material handling gear or equipment, such as rigging, packaging, or temporary structures.
  • Maintain material moving equipment in good working condition.
  • Operate packing or other material processing equipment.

This page includes data from:

O*NET OnLine Career data: O*NET 28.2 Database by the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration (“USDOL/ETA”). Used under the CC BY 4.0 license. O*NET® is a trademark of USDOL/ETA

U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics Logo Occupation statistics: USDOL U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics Occupational Employment Statistics

careeronestop logo Videos: CareerOneStop, USDOL/ETA and the Minnesota Department of Employment & Economic Development

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